Must have, Must grow Medicinal Herbs

Must have, must grow medicinal herbs - www.homesteadlady.com - a list of some of my favoritesThis is a follow up to our last article about planning and planting a medicinal herb garden.  This article is mostly just a list of some of my favorite commonly grown medicinal herbs.  That is, I consider them must have, must grow medicinal herbs.  You will notice that quite a few make themselves useful in the kitchen, too; I concur with Hippocrates and feel that our food should be our medicine and our medicine should be our food.  Is this list comprehensive?  No!!  For comprehensive, check out at least five herb books from the library.  I originally started this list with the intent of giving you only five basic, grow-able herbs; as you can see, I can’t count.  The list includes the cultural requirements for each herb and what it’s typically used for.  There’s also a resource section at the end that includes books, sites and vendors.    So, without further ado, here are Homestead Lady’s must have, must grow medicinal herbs.

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Medicinal Herbal Terms

You’ll need to know some basic herbal vocabulary as you learn more about medicinal herbs

  • Vulnerary – Externally helps the body to heal wounds
  • Anti-microbial – helps immune system overcome pathogenic micro-organisms
  • Demulcent – Mucilaginous herbs which relax, soothe and protect tissue.
  • Diaphoretic – Increases perspiration, dilates capillaries
  • Carminative – sweet, spicy aroma, promotes expulsion of gas and soothes the stomach

Medicinal Herbs:

#1 – CalendulaMust have must grow herbs www..homesteadlady.com - Kelly Biscotti's great article Growing Calendula in your garden

  • Calendula officinalis – Site – full sun to part shade – zone 3-10.
  • Soil- tolerant of poor soils.
  • Propagation – Direct sow in early spring through summer.
    • Sometimes called “pot marigold” because it does well in pots.
    • The seeds are large and easy to handle, so they’re great for kids. 
    • Even black thumbs can grow Calendula!
    • Externally, anti-inflammatory, vulnerary, lymphatic, anti-microbial.  Taken internally it is great for digestion, normalizing menstruation, and is anti-spasmodic.  Used in salves for every topical problem imaginable:
      • Infections
      • Cuts
      • Scrapes
      • burns
      • chapping 

#2 – Cayenne

  • Capsicum Annuum – Site – Full Sun – zone 9 perennial grown as an annual in Utah.
  • Propagation – start indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost – protect from reappearing frost.
  • Soil – same as for peppers, around 6.5 ph
  • One of Dr. Christopher’s favorites!
  • Externally it will warm hands and feet, rheumatic pains and lumbago and hoarseness as a gargle.
  • Anti-microbial and, although stinging, a very effective styptic!
  • Taken as a general tonic specifically for circulatory and digestive systems.
  • Stimulant, good for the heart, arteries, blood flow, and nerves.

 #3 German ChamomileMust have, must grow herbs www.homesteadlady.com Chamomile - by homespun seasonal living

  • Matricaria Recutita – Site – Full sun to part shade, reseeding annual.
  • Soil – Light and well drained, but will tolerate poorer soils – surprisingly tough little buggers.
  • Propagation – One of the few seeds that need light to germinate.
    • Sprinkle on soil and LIGHTLY mix with dirt in the late spring
    • Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) is a perennial but typically the German is used medicinally
    • Harvest flowers as they mature and more will be produced
  • The flowers are used as a nervine tonic.
  • Also anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving for a wide range of conditions along the digestive tract.
  • It is also a blood thinner so never use it during pregnancy or if you take similar medications.

 #4 PeppermintMust have must grow medicinal herbs www.homesteadlady.com

  • Mentha Spicata (Spearmint) & Mentha Piperita (peppermint) Site – Partial shade or sun – zones 5-11 but will survive lower.
  • Soil – Moist, well drained, alkaline
  • Propagation – Take root or stem cuttings, or divide it in spring and autumn
    • In summer, root stem cuttings in water
  • It is very invasive in the garden, so make sure you keep it contained or grow in pots
  • Carminative, anti-spasmodic, combats gas and aids digestion, nervine, anti-emetic (vomiting), anti-microbial.
  • Spearmint is better for kids as it’s more mild
  • Peppermint is stronger and therefore better suited to adults. 
  • Mint is used in everything from toothpaste to candy – it’s one of mankind’s favorite flavors.
  • Mint, combined with Elder and Yarrow make a traditional treatment for Cold/Flu/Fever.

 #5 GarlicMust have, must grow medicinal herbs - www.homesteadlady.com - garlic

  • Allium Sativum – Site – Sunny, but tolerates partial shade
    • Will grow in most zones. 
    • Perrenial grown as an annual
  • Soil – Rich, moist and well drained
    • tolerates poorer soil
  • Propagation – plant individual cloves
    • 1 ½ inches deep in the fall for larger bulbs
    • Spring planting will also produce  
  • Dig garlic bulbs in late summer handle gently to avoid bruising
  • Soft-neck varieties will store for several months in cool, dry place – braid and hang
  • Use fresh, dried, roasted or infused in oil or vinegar
  • Anti-microbial, anti-fungal, anti-biotic, great for the heart and nervous system – will kill everything from a sinus infection to ring worm!

#6 Echinacea

Must have, must grow medicinal herbs - www.homesteadlady.com - echinacea

  • Echinacea Angustifolia (one vareity but there are several) – Site – Full sun –any zone – wide range of soils and sites.
  • Very drought tolerant – do not overwater.
  • Propogation – seeds may require some chill – spotty germination.
  • Wont usually flower until second year but you’re after the mature root system.
  • At risk plant due to popularity so give it a go – plant some next spring!
  • Angustifolia typically used, but Purpurea also can be used, as immune stimulant.
  • Anti-microbial, anti-catarrhal (prevents inflammation of nose and throat).
  • As with most dosages, plan for 10-14 days on, 7 days off – or as prescribed by your holistic practitioner.

 #7 Yarrow

  • Achillea Millefolium – Site – full sun – zones 3-10-ish – Soil – any, but prefers well drained.
  • Propagation – from seed or divide roots in spring.  It can self sow – be careful.
  • One of the best diaphoretic herbs.  Also vaso-dilator and has diuretic properties.
  • For the tummy, it is astringent, anti-inflammatory.
  • Externally – styptic and vulnerary.

 #8 DandelionMust have, Must grow medicinal herbs www.homesteadlady.com Dandelion

  • Taraxacum officinale – Site and Soil – will grow pretty much anywhere.
  • Propagation – Try and get it NOT to grow, I dare you.
  • The root is a general tonic and very effective as a liver tonic, hepatic (cleanse liver), increases bile flow, anti-rheumatic, helps dump metabolic waste.
  • Root also helps relieve skin and degenerative joint disorders, lowers blood cholesterol and is a mild laxative.
  • The leaf is a safe, highly effective diuretic, best natural source of potassium which avoids potassium depletion. 
  • Leaves are commonly used raw in salads but are a bitter.

 #9 Black ElderMust have, must grow herbs www.homesteadlady.com - Elderberries - by homespunseasonalliving

  • Sambucus Nigra (There are several varieties) – Site full sun to part shade – zones 4-9 – Soil with good organic content and drainage.
  • They are prolific, heavy bearing, easy to grow sprawling bushes that can grow to 15’ but can be pruned to 8’.
  • Need a pollinator to set fruit so plan to plant at least two.
  • Berries are high vitamin C, good for jams, tea, natural dye.
  • Whole plant a nearly complete pharmacy!
  • Leaves used externally are vulnerary and emollient.  Internally, leaves are purgative, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic.
  • Flowers prepared cold are diuretic and cooling; prepared warm diaphoretic and gently stimulating.
  • Berries are diaphoretic, diuretic, aperient (mild laxative).
  • Remedy for colds, flus, fever, bruises, wounds, sinusitis, hayfever, etc, etc.

Picture credit for Calendula – Kelly Biscotti and her great article on Growing Calendula in your Garden; Picture credit for elder berry and chamomile Homespun Seasonal Living

Uses for Medicinal Herbs:

  • Calendula I use in almost every salve I make.  It’s great in lip balm, too.  Fresh petals are beautiful in salads.
  • Cayenne is so easy to incorporate into Mexican dishes.  I encapsulate it in my “multi-herbal-vitamin” and take a bit every day.
  • Chammomile I put in many of my infusions or teas – especially for my kids.  It is also wonderful in potpourri and salad.
  • Peppermint is one I use in a lot of my kid’s tinctures to improve flavor and for tummy upset.  I also throw it into green and fruit salads, into smoothies and ice cream.  When an herb grows so abundantly, I feel like that’s God’s way of saying I should eat a lot of it!
  • Garlic is one I may even over use!  Infused in olive oil it’s our ear infection remedy and roasted and added to flatbread with fresh rosemary it’s a household favorite.  In Russia, I used to eat it raw!
  • Echinacea is so great to grow and a dehydrator makes drying the roots so much easier. 
  • Yarrow is a wonderful bedding plant with its lovely flowers and slightly apple-scented leaves.  I grow it for both the humans and the livestock at my house.
  • Garlic is one I may even over use!  Infused in olive oil it’s our ear infection remedy and roasted and added to flatbread with fresh rosemary it’s a household favorite.  In Russia, I used to eat it raw!
  • Echinacea is so great to grow and a dehydrator makes drying the roots so much easier. 
  • Yarrow is a wonderful bedding plant with it’s lovely flowers and slightly apple-scented leaves.  I grow it for both the humans and the livestock at my house.
  • Dandelion is great because it grows.  The roots do best in a dehydrator, as well.  Greens, though, should be eaten fresh and with a nice vinaigrette.  Try Dandelion flower jam or bread or even deep fried!
  • Elder berries are divine as a cough syrup.  Make a strong infusion and add some raw honey – you’re kids will be pretending they have a sore throat just to get some.

 Other Medicinal Herbs to Consider:

If you ask five herbalists their opinion on the best herb, you’ll get fifteen answers so the more research the merrier!

  • Comfrey also known as “Knitbone”
  • Fennel
  • Mullein
  • Marshmallow
  • Oregon Grape Root
  • Not necessarily to grow but to have – Goldenseal, Ginger (have to be grown indoors in Utah if you want to try it), Nettle (can grow it, just have to learn to handle it), Reishi and/or Shitaake mushroom (can be grown indoors but must learn the process), Usnea lichen, Kelp and/or Bladderwrack.

 Resources for more Information on Medicinal Herbs:

Medicinal Herb Links

 

Mountain Rose HerbsLearn Herbs As Food And As Medicine in the Online Herbal CourseGourmet Garden Homepage BannerGreat selection of bulk herbs, books, and remedies. Articles, Research Aids and much more.


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This post was shared at Joybilee Farms, Simply Natural Saturdays , Wellness Wednesday , Natural Living Monday, The Backyard Farming Connection, Homemade Monday, The Homestead Barn Hop, Oil me up Wednesdays, Green Thumb Thursday, The HomeAcre Hop, Natural Family Friday, Fat Tuesday, Growing Homemakers, Simple Lives Thursday, Wildcrafting Wednesday

*This post was featured at My Lamp Is Fulloil me up wednesday

Comments

  1. says

    Thanks for the post. These are great recommendations too. I have most of them in the garden or use the ones I don’t (like garlic.) I also used echinacea purpurea as a tea for years with our kids. Only the leaves and flowers though. I used it with a garlic ear oil remedy and it always seem to help them a lot. Well thought out article and references…!

  2. says

    Loved this article and just pinned it! The only thing we don’t grow in our own yard is the Elderberry but we just realized last fall after it was too late to harvest any berries that we were seeing it everywhere out in the woods where we go pick huckleberries. This year we are definitely going to wild harvest elderberries!

  3. Robb Simer says

    I’ve been looking for a website such as yours for a long time. I am getting a few (2-10) acres this year and plan to have an herb garden or two. [one for the kitchen, and one for medicinal purposes.] And I need to study up on medincal herbs and their uses. Thank you.

    • Homestead Lady says

      Two – ten acres is a perfect amount, in my opinion. I think three is about all I can handle with so many little kiddos. Where are you looking to buy? Keep us posted on where you settle and how it goes!

  4. says

    I really enjoyed reading your post, and I’m sure I’ll refer to it often! I’m slowly incorporating a variety of flowers and herbs each year to my medicinal collection. Last year I planted a mint garden, containing three different types of mint. Of my collection, so far my favorites include Calendula and Lemon Balm, though the new one, Borage, I’m adding this year may quickly become a most loved.

    • Homestead Lady says

      Borage is one of my most favorite flowering herbs! It’s so lovely and my goats find it quite tasty. I hope you enjoy it!

  5. says

    Most of what you state happens to be astonishingly appropriate and that makes me wonder the reason why I hadn’t looked at this with this light previously. Your piece truly did switch the light on for me as far as this specific subject goes. Nonetheless at this time there is actually 1 position I am not really too comfy with and whilst I make an effort to reconcile that with the main theme of the point, let me see just what the rest of the visitors have to point out.Very well done.

    • Homestead Lady says

      I like the Lesley Bremness book The Complete Book of Herbs because its simple, lovely and very comprehensive for a book that’s not too unwieldy and long. Anything Rosemary Gladstar wrote is worth owning but they don’t have a ton of growing info in them. I really suggest going to the library and checking out every herb book you see and then finding one that speaks to your level of experience and your interest. I love the library for vetting books!!!

  6. says

    Do you grow all of these? That is amazing. Then harvesting and using must be time consuming and incredibly rewarding. I love the definitions you shared. I have been working on terminology and I love these. Thanks so much for sharing on Oil me up Wednesdays@ My lamp is full.
    Janine
    Janine recently posted…Instructions for Disbudding Baby GoatsMy Profile

    • Homestead Lady says

      Some years the peppers don’t take or the basil floods out or the chamomile burns up. That’s a garden, herb or otherwise. It is a huge amount of work taken all in all but its worth it to know I have medicine for my family. Thanks for hosting!

  7. says

    Thanks for sharing your post at the HomeAcre Hop!
    I would love a herb garden. I have started planting some in pots in the windows. Hopefully a herb garden someday :)
    Thanks for sharing your knowledge!

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