How to Make and Use Milk Kefir

Have you heard of milk kefir? Maybe all you know is that is has some connection to probiotics and everyone seems to pronounce it differently. Well, here are the basics on how to make milk kefir, along with the benefits and ways to use it. milk kefir grains on a wooden spoon

What is Milk Kefir?

I had someone just recently say to me, “I keep hearing that word everywhere – kefir. What is it, exactly?” 

I’m glad that the word “kefir” is indeed everywhere – that means more people are using it! Kefir is actually a Russian word, pronounced in English with a short e sound and the emphasis on the last syllable. You can hear it pronounced here.

In brief:

Simply put, kefir is fermented milk. Expanding our explanation a bit, kefir is:

  • a scoby of beneficial bacterias and yeasts
  • typically referred to as kefir grains
  • looks like cottage cheese lumps (water kefir looks a bit like opaque bean-bag stuffing)

The kefir grains turn wholesome dairy into a powerhouse of probiotics, vitamins and beneficial bacteria. You can use it to re-culture your gut while on prescription antibiotics.

  • To learn more about probiotics while on antibiotics, click here.
  • Also of interest, healing a broken gut from yeast overgrowth, click here.

Milk kefir, like any cultured dairy, can be an acquired taste. When we first tried it, we just didn’t like it. 

A few years later, as our tastes have matured around a whole foods diet, we now consume milk kefir several times a week. One of the best things about it is that it protects the beneficial bacteria in the very harsh environment of your stomach. That allows all that good bacteria to do its job of regulating your gut in healthy ways.

  • Cultures for Health also has simple tutorials on how to get stared with both kinds of kefir, as well as how to use your cultured water and milk.

If you decide you’d like to know a bit more about fermented foods, be sure to check out the Ferment All the Things section of the Homestead Kitchen chapter of our book, The Do It Yourself Homestead. Don’t have your own copy of the book? No worries, we wrote one just for you – to learn more, click below. For a free sample from that chapter, simply email me at

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How to Make Milk Kefir

This is a quick food you can make on your counter! 

Simple Steps:

  1. Cover your kefir grains in wholesome milk (cow, goat or coconut) in a quart size jar with a lid. You can also attempt to kefir nut milks, but the results can vary.
  2. Put a lid on your jar and let it sit overnight.
  3. Taste test for optimal flavor.
  4. Strain out the kefir grains and put them back into the jar.
  5. Recover with milk to be used the next day.
  6. Store your strained kefir milk in a jar with a lid in the refrigerator to slow down further fermentation.
  7. Or, use in your favorite recipe.

If the jar is really full of milk and kefir grains, I place it inside a bowl because as the milk ferments, the gases can cause the kefir to overflow its jar.

  • I usually ferment kefir 24 hours on my kitchen counter. Which just means that I let it sit there with the lid on loosely. You can ferment for less times if you like a less tangy flavor.

What to Do It

We typically use ours for morning smoothies, to culture bread dough, flavor cream soups and savory dishes.

>>>>—To learn to use milk kefir to culture bread dough and Make Yeast Free Bread.—<<<<

For my family of seven, I usually do a quart a day so I always have a new quart of kefir to work with every morning. If I’m going to make a batch of kefir bread, I culture more. The same amount of grains can culture quite a bit of milk.

Milk Kefir Resources

Kefir is Simple

If you’ve never tried it before, I encourage you to give kefir a try. Many times your whole foods neighbor will have extra grains to share with you.

The more you feed them, the more the grains proliferate and I’ve always got a ton on hand. You can also purchase them online or check your local health food store.

What’s your favorite ferment? What about your favorite way to use kefir?

DisclaimerInformation offered on the Homestead Lady website is for educational purposes only. Read my full disclaimer HERE.

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15 thoughts on “How to Make and Use Milk Kefir

  1. Stopping by from wildcrafting Wednesday after I saw your comment and name! I have been eager to try coconut milk kefir, you have inspired me to make it happen today! I have had my kefir grains awhile, so I am excited! I already make my own kombucha and yogurt, so this should be a cinch!

    1. Ha! That’s the same reason I found you awhile back – its not often you meet another Tessa and we need to stick together. Well, that and that your recipes and blog are rockin awesome! Kefir anything is so easy, it makes yogurt look like a physics final – have fun!

  2. thank you so much for posting this! It is gonna help me when I research Coconut Milk at the grocery store! Very Cool!

    1. You can usually find some at your local health food store. You can also order them online – I can heartily recommend Cultures For Health. They can also teach you everything you ever want to know about fermented foods with free videos, newsletters and ebooks. I love those guys!

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