Must have, Must grow Medicinal Herbs

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Must Have, Must Grow Medicinal Herbs l How and What to Grow l Homestead Lady (.com)When considering which herbal plants you might like to grow, you can easily become overwhelmed by all the options. Here’s a concise list of must have, must grow medicinal herbs.

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Which are the Must Have Medicinal Herbs?

Here is a list of some of my favorite commonly grown medicinal herbs.  That is, I consider them must have, must grow medicinal herbs.  You will notice that quite a few make themselves useful in the kitchen, too.  I concur with Hippocrates, and feel that our food should be our medicine and our medicine should be our food.

This creation of this list was inspired by our original post, How to Plan and Plant a Medicinal Herb Garden.

Is this list comprehensive?  No!!

For comprehensive, check out at least five ten books from the library.  I originally started this list with the intent of giving you only five basic, grow-able herbs; as you can see, I can’t count.  Included here are the cultural requirements for each herb, and what it’s typically used for.

Online Learning

For a comprehensive online, herbal learning experience, I suggest you enroll in The Herbal Academy’s courses.  The kids and I are going through their beginner herbal course for school this semester.  We’ll be ready for the intermediate by spring, though.  The lectures are interesting, engaging and we’ve been having a lot of un with the projects.  The bloopers on the videos are good for a laugh, too.  Hey, laughter is good medicine, too!  For more information, click below:

Herbal Academy Online Courses

So, without further ado, here are Homestead Lady’s must have, must grow medicinal herbs.

Medicinal Herbal Terms

You’ll need to know some basic herbal vocabulary as you learn more about medicinal herbs.  Remember that all herbal actions/uses are only suggestions.  Please see a qualified medical professional when necessary.

  • Vulnerary – Externally helps the body to heal wounds
  • Anti-microbial – helps immune system overcome pathogenic micro-organisms
  • Demulcent – Mucilaginous herbs which relax, soothe and protect tissue
  • Diaphoretic – Increases perspiration, dilates capillaries
  • Carminative – sweet, spicy aroma, promotes expulsion of gas and soothes the stomach

Medicinal Herbs:

#1  CalendulaMust have must grow herbs - Kelly Biscotti's great article Growing Calendula in your garden

  • Calendula officinalis – Site – full sun to part shade – zone 3-10
  • Soil- tolerant of poor soils
  • Propagation – Direct sow in early spring through summer
    • Sometimes called “pot marigold” because it does well in pots
    • The seeds are large and easy to handle, so they’re great for kids 
    • Even black thumbs can grow Calendula!
    • Externally – anti-inflammatory, vulnerary, lymphatic, anti-microbial; taken internally, it is great for digestion, normalizing menstruation, and is anti-spasmodic; alsosed in salves for every topical problem imaginable like:
      • Infections
      • Cuts
      • Scrapes
      • burns
      • chapping 

#2  Cayenne

  • Capsicum Annuum – Site – Full Sun – zone 9 perennial grown as an annual in most areas
  • Propagation – start indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost – protect from reappearing frost
  • Soil – same as for peppers, around 6.5 ph
  • One of herbal educator and practitioner, Dr. Christopher’s favorites!
  • Externally it will warm hands and feet; may also use for rheumatic pains and lumbago, and for hoarseness as a gargle
  • Anti-microbial and, although stinging, a very effective styptic!
  • Taken as a general tonic specifically for circulatory and digestive systems
  • Stimulant, good for the heart, arteries, blood flow, and nerves

 #3 German ChamomileMust have, must grow herbs Chamomile - by homespun seasonal living

  • Matricaria Recutita – Site – Full sun to part shade, reseeding annual
  • Soil – Light and well drained, but will tolerate poorer soils – surprisingly tough little buggers
  • Propagation – One of the few seeds that need light to germinate
    • Sprinkle on soil and LIGHTLY mix with dirt in the late spring
    • Roman Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) is a perennial, but typically the German is used medicinally
    • Harvest flowers as they mature and more will be produced
  • The flowers are used as a nervine tonic
  • Also anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving, for a wide range of conditions along the digestive tract
  • It is also a blood thinner, so never use it during pregnancy or if you take similar medications

 #4 PeppermintMust have must grow medicinal herbs

  • Mentha Spicata (Spearmint) & Mentha Piperita (peppermint) Site – Partial shade or sun – zones 5-11 but will survive lower
  • Soil – Moist, well drained, alkaline
  • Propagation – Take root or stem cuttings, or divide it in spring and autumn
    • In summer, root stem cuttings in water
  • It is very invasive in the garden, so make sure you keep it contained or grow in pots
  • Carminative, anti-spasmodic, combats gas and aids digestion, nervine, anti-emetic (vomiting), anti-microbial.
  • Spearmint is better for kids as it’s more mild
  • Peppermint is stronger and therefore better suited to adults. 
  • Mint is used in everything from toothpaste to candy – it’s one of mankind’s favorite flavors
  • Mint, combined with Elder and Yarrow make a traditional treatment for cold/flu/fever

 #5 GarlicMust have, must grow medicinal herbs - - garlic

  • Allium Sativum – Site – Sunny, but tolerates partial shade
    • Will grow in most zones 
    • Perrenial grown as an annual
  • Soil – Rich, moist and well drained
    • tolerates poorer soil
  • Propagation – plant individual cloves
    • 1 ½ inches deep in the fall for larger bulbs
    • Spring planting will also produce  
  • Dig garlic bulbs in late summer and handle gently to avoid bruising
  • Both soft-neck and hard-neck varieties will store in a cool, dry place – braid and hang
  • Use fresh, dried, roasted or infused in oil or vinegar
  • Anti-microbial, anti-fungal, anti-biotic, great for the heart and nervous system – traditionally used to kill everything from a sinus infection to ring worm!

#6 Echinacea

Must have, must grow medicinal herbs - - echinacea

  • Echinacea Angustifolia (one variety, but there are several) – Site – Full sun –any zone – wide range of soils and sites
  • Very drought tolerant – do not overwater
  • Propogation – seeds may require some chill – spotty germination
  • Won’t usually flower until second year, but you harvest one to two-year-old roots for medicinal use
  • An at risk plant due to popularity so give it a go – plant some next spring!
  • Angustifolia typically used, but Purpurea also can be used, as immune stimulant
  • Anti-microbial, anti-catarrhal (prevents inflammation of nose and throat)
  • As with most dosages, plan for 10-14 days on, 7 days off – or as prescribed by your holistic practitioner

 #7 Yarrow

  • Achillea Millefolium – Site – full sun – zones 3-10-ish – Soil – any, but prefers well drained
  • Propagation – from seed or divide roots in spring; it can self sow – be careful
  • One of the best diaphoretic herbs; also vaso-dilator and has diuretic properties
  • Good for the tummy, and is also astringent and anti-inflammatory
  • Externally used as a styptic and for it’s vulnerary properties

 #8 Dandelion

  • Taraxacum officinale – Site and Soil – will grow pretty much anywhere
  • Propagation – Try and get it NOT to grow, I dare you
  • The root is a general tonic and very effective as a liver tonic, hepatic (cleanses the liver), increases bile flow, anti-rheumatic, helps dump metabolic waste
  • Root also helps relieve skin and degenerative joint disorders, lowers blood cholesterol and is a mild laxative
  • The leaf is a safe, highly effective diuretic, best natural source of potassium which avoids potassium depletion
  • Leaves are commonly used raw in salads but are a bitter herb

 #9 Black ElderMust have, must grow herbs - Elderberries - by homespunseasonalliving

  • Sambucus Nigra (There are several varieties) – Site full sun to part shade – zones 4-9 – Soil with good organic content and drainage
  • They are prolific, heavy bearing, easy to grow sprawling bushes that can grow to 15’ but can be pruned to 8’
  • Need a pollinator to set fruit, so plan to plant at least two
  • Berries are high vitamin C, good for jams, tea, natural dye
  • Whole plant a nearly complete pharmacy!
  • Leaves used externally are vulnerary and emollient; internally, leaves are purgative, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic
  • Flowers prepared cold are diuretic and cooling; prepared warm diaphoretic and gently stimulating
  • Berries are diaphoretic, diuretic, aperient (mild laxative)
  • Remedy for colds, flus, fever, bruises, wounds, sinusitis, hayfever, etc, etc.

*Photo credit for Calendula – Kelly Biscotti and her great article on Growing Calendula in your Garden;

*Photo credit for elder berry and chamomile Kathie at Homespun Seasonal Living – an absolute treasure of a website and I encourage you to visit.

Uses for Medicinal Herbs:

  • Calendula I use in almost every salve I make.  It’s great in lip balm, too.  Fresh petals are beautiful in salads.
  • Cayenne is so easy to incorporate into Mexican dishes.  I encapsulate it in my “multi-herbal-vitamin” and take a bit every day.
  • Chamomile I put in many of my infusions or teas – especially for my kids.  It is also wonderful in potpourri and salad.
  • Peppermint is one I use in a lot of my kid’s tinctures to improve flavor, and for tummy upset.  I also throw it into green and fruit salads, into smoothies and ice cream.  When an herb grows so abundantly, I feel like that’s God’s way of saying I should eat a lot of it!
  • Garlic is one I may even over use!  Infused in olive oil, it’s our ear infection remedy.  Roasted and added to flatbread with fresh rosemary, it’s a household favorite.  In Russia, I used to eat it raw.  Oi.
  • Echinacea is so great to grow, and a dehydrator makes drying the roots so much easier. 
  • Yarrow is a wonderful bedding plant with its lovely flowers, and slightly apple-scented leaves.  I grow it for both the humans and the livestock at my house.
  • Dandelion is great because it grows.  The roots do best in a dehydrator, as well.  Greens, though, should be eaten fresh and with a nice vinaigrette.  Try Dandelion flower jello or cookie.
  • Elder berries are divine as a cough syrup.  Make a strong infusion and add some raw honey – you’re kids will be pretending they have a sore throat just to get some.

 Other Medicinal Herbs to Consider:

If you ask five herbalists their opinion on the best herb, you’ll get fifteen answers.  So, the more research the merrier!

  • Comfrey, also known as “Knitbone”
  • Fennel
  • Mullein
  • Marshmallow
  • Oregon Grape Root
  • Not necessarily to grow but to have:
  1. Goldenseal, Ginger (have to be grown indoors if you want to try it)
  2. Nettle (can grow it in most places, just have to learn to handle it)
  3. Reishi and/or Shitaake mushroom (can be grown indoors, but you must learn the process)
  4. Usnea lichen
  5. Kelp and/or Bladderwrack

 Resources for more Information on Medicinal Herbs:

  • The ABC Herbal, by Steven Horne – a short, sweet family herbal
  • Herbal Recipes for Vibrant Health, by Rosemary Gladstar – this one lives in my kitchen
  • Medicinal Herbs: A Beginner’s Guide, by Rosemary Gladstar – a little simpler than the above and more growing info but I honestly recommend both.
  • The Herbal Medicine Makers Handbook, by James Green – This is a great one in general but it also has growth tables in the back for planning your own garden.
  • Making Plant Medicine, by Richo Cech – owner of Horizon Herbs – kind of a cosmic guy but very knowledgeable and down to earth.
  • The Complete Book of Herbs, by Lesley Bremness – my first herb book and one of which I’m still very fond – Great recipes for food, crafts, lotions, oils, etc.
  • Growing and Using Herbs Successfully, by Betty Jacobs
  • Herbal Antibiotics, by Stephen Harrod Buhner – short and to the point
  • Smart Medicine for a Healthier Child, by Janet Zand – Great family resource book that breaks down ailments, conventional treatments, dietary helps, nutritional supplements, herbal treatments, homeopathics, acupressure, general recommendations, prevention.
  • Herbs in the Bathtub – Learn to grow herbs wherever you are, wherever you live.  A particular emphasis on container growing, but general advice is applicable anywhere.  Click below:

DisclaimerInformation offered on the Homestead Lady website is for educational purposes only. Read my full disclaimer HERE.

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25 thoughts on “Must have, Must grow Medicinal Herbs

  1. Thanks for the post. These are great recommendations too. I have most of them in the garden or use the ones I don’t (like garlic.) I also used echinacea purpurea as a tea for years with our kids. Only the leaves and flowers though. I used it with a garlic ear oil remedy and it always seem to help them a lot. Well thought out article and references…!

  2. Loved this article and just pinned it! The only thing we don’t grow in our own yard is the Elderberry but we just realized last fall after it was too late to harvest any berries that we were seeing it everywhere out in the woods where we go pick huckleberries. This year we are definitely going to wild harvest elderberries!

        1. Yes, that’s my friend Annie from her cool blog Montana Solar Creations. I was just wondering where in Montana she was foraging. 🙂

  3. I’ve been looking for a website such as yours for a long time. I am getting a few (2-10) acres this year and plan to have an herb garden or two. [one for the kitchen, and one for medicinal purposes.] And I need to study up on medincal herbs and their uses. Thank you.

    1. Two – ten acres is a perfect amount, in my opinion. I think three is about all I can handle with so many little kiddos. Where are you looking to buy? Keep us posted on where you settle and how it goes!

  4. I really enjoyed reading your post, and I’m sure I’ll refer to it often! I’m slowly incorporating a variety of flowers and herbs each year to my medicinal collection. Last year I planted a mint garden, containing three different types of mint. Of my collection, so far my favorites include Calendula and Lemon Balm, though the new one, Borage, I’m adding this year may quickly become a most loved.

    1. Borage is one of my most favorite flowering herbs! It’s so lovely and my goats find it quite tasty. I hope you enjoy it!

  5. Most of what you state happens to be astonishingly appropriate and that makes me wonder the reason why I hadn’t looked at this with this light previously. Your piece truly did switch the light on for me as far as this specific subject goes. Nonetheless at this time there is actually 1 position I am not really too comfy with and whilst I make an effort to reconcile that with the main theme of the point, let me see just what the rest of the visitors have to point out.Very well done.

    1. I like the Lesley Bremness book The Complete Book of Herbs because its simple, lovely and very comprehensive for a book that’s not too unwieldy and long. Anything Rosemary Gladstar wrote is worth owning but they don’t have a ton of growing info in them. I really suggest going to the library and checking out every herb book you see and then finding one that speaks to your level of experience and your interest. I love the library for vetting books!!!

  6. Do you grow all of these? That is amazing. Then harvesting and using must be time consuming and incredibly rewarding. I love the definitions you shared. I have been working on terminology and I love these. Thanks so much for sharing on Oil me up Wednesdays@ My lamp is full.

    1. Some years the peppers don’t take or the basil floods out or the chamomile burns up. That’s a garden, herb or otherwise. It is a huge amount of work taken all in all but its worth it to know I have medicine for my family. Thanks for hosting!

  7. Thanks for sharing your post at the HomeAcre Hop!
    I would love a herb garden. I have started planting some in pots in the windows. Hopefully a herb garden someday 🙂
    Thanks for sharing your knowledge!

    1. Thank you for noting that, Mia! Not all herbal treatments are ingested, but it’s good to be aware of the properties of each plants. You can read this really cool e-publication from The Herb Society of America on Elder – especially interesting is the ethnobotanical section (how the Native Americans used elder).

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