Pretty much any rose bush will make a rose hip if you refrain from pruning the flowering stems so why do I prefer rugosa roses and their hips? I’m so glad you asked!
Rugosa roses are a main feature of our medicinal and edible herb garden. To learn more about planting your own medicinal herb garden, be sure to check out our book, The Do It Yourself Homestead. With over 400 pages of homesteading information, DIYs and tips on a variety of subjects presented in four different levels of experience, you’re bound to find something useful!
I Hate Roses
Well, let me clarify – I hate growing roses. A decorative rose (grown for cutting to put into floral arrangements) is like a pretty woman; high maintenance and bossy in the garden. Now before you prize rose growers start jumping all over me, let me just say that I love rose blooms. I just don’t want to have to grow roses. I’m too busy and too practical to grow a rose unless it’s making my life better in some way. That’s why I love rugosa roses, or rosa rugosa.
My Favorite Things about Rugosa Roses
What are my favorite thing about rugosa roses?
Rugosa roses grow like weeds.
Really. We originally planted ours because they’ll get six feet tall and as wide, forming a living fence to keep out the unruly teenage boys that walk our street on the way home from school. There was no way I was going to kiss the feet of my city in order to get a fence permit and I certainly couldn’t afford to pay for a fence anyway. As long as I keep these babies under control with heavy pruning, then I’ll have a lovely, fragrant fence. The thorns will keep careless youngsters from trampling my herb garden, too.
Rugosa roses aren’t too picky about soil, either. I’ve grown mine in dark, brown soil and nasty clay. They do benefit from balanced nutrition and will yellow if they’re starved altogether. However, several inches of rich compost once or twice a year should do the trick. You can also use traditional rose food if you really feel your plant is struggling. I favor compost as plant food simply because I have a barn full of straw and poop that needs to be put to use.
Rugosa roses grow in nearly any climate.
I bought my rugosa roses from Raintree Nursery, where I buy a lot of my nursery stock and you can follow their link in order to read up on how to grow them. Bottom line, though, they’ll pretty much grow in any zone (usually rated down to zone 2 or 3), in any soil and in any amount of light. You usually don’t need to fertilize them, either. In fact, over fertilizing them can cause them to stress out.
Do be sure to mulch them and keep them evenly moist – something I recommend for nearly every plant except desert-flourishing ones. The plants will produce more blossoms, and therefore more hips in direct sun (6-8 hours a day), but they will flower in part shade. In the hottest climates, you will probably want to give them a bit of afternoon shade.
Rugosa roses are easy to maintain.
You DO need to PRUNE rugosa roses heavily, so don’t plant them if you’re not going to do that. USE GLOVES for pruning and harvest! Do not try to harvest these rugosa rose hips without the help of a good, thick pair of gloves because rugosa rose thorns are thin, amazingly sharp and they cover (yes, cover) the stems of the plant.
Be aware that rugosa roses self-propagate prolifically with underground runners. If you don’t want them doing that, take a sharp shovel and cut ambitious runners at least two feet from the outside perimeter of the plant. Wherever you see new rugosa runners popping out of the soil cut them off several inches under the soil line. That won’t prevent the rugosa from sending out more runners, but the plants are easily controlled using this method of runner decapitation. Again, watch for thorns as you clean up.
Reminder to self: We do not grumble that rose bushes have thorns but are grateful that thorn bushes have roses. And hips.
Rugosa roses smell and taste divine.
The petals of the rugosas range from dark pink to light pink to white as there are a few different cultivars you can choose from. All of them are very fragrant and will attract pollinators and neighborhood admirers alike. Use the petals to make Rose Petal Ice Cream – click this link.
You can also learn to make rose sugar with these petals (another tip that’s outline in The Do It Yourself Homestead).
Rugosa Roses produce large, delicious hips.
The best thing these rugosa roses do is produce the most large and luscious hips you’ve ever seen on a rose. Plus, the rugosa rose hips are very sweet. The hips ripen at the end of fall and there are subtle differences amongst the varieties. Some hips are bright red when ready to harvest and some are more orange. You’ll get used to how yours look when ripe. You can also feel them for ripeness. When they’re soft, they’re done. Rugosa rose fall foliage is lovely to behold as well, and once the leaves start turning, the hips should be about ready.
The hips typically ripen in bunches, and I usually just pull of a bunch in one handful. So far I’ve harvested two 5-gallon bucketfuls off of about ten plants (2 yrs old) and I’m still not done. I dry them on open air racks for the most part because my dehydrator is in use almost 24/7 at this time of year.
What to do with the Rose Hip Harvest
The bulk of my harvest gets fed to my goats, especially throughout the winter. However, I also save some for the humans and make tea or grind them and add them to our herbal vitamin. To make a delectable tea, click here.
I still haven’t tried making jelly, but that’s the traditional thing to do with rose hips. Here’s a recipe from Fat of the Land – click here to read that. If you’re handy in the kitchen, here’s a recipe for Rose Garden Tea Jam. For great general jams and jellies information, including fantastic recipes, be sure to check out Homespun Seasonal Living’s book below.
The Herbal Academy has a great post on the how rose hips are Super Food!! Just click here to read that. To learn more about the medicinal properties of many plants, please visit The Herbal Academy. There are a lot of different levels to choose from with their online courses.
Need help foraging for hips?
If you aren’t growing your own rugosa roses and need some help learning how to forage for them, be sure to check out our post with several experts’ tips on foraging successfully and ethically – click here.
I had a great, great aunt Bertha (whom everyone called Bert) who could be found harvesting rose hips along the Bay area’s bountiful hillsides back in the day. I think of her a lot when I’m out there working my roses. I didn’t know her personally but I’ve loved hearing stories about her and her no nonsense ways. I come from hardy gardening stock.
All the same, where are my gloves? I need to beat the snow and get the rest of my rose hips!